The term Psychosynthesis refers to a process of psychological and spiritual development that takes place at the conscious and unconscious levels of the human psyche. Psychosynthesis was developed by the Italian psychiatrist, philosopher, and esotericist Roberto Assagioli (1888-1974), who was influenced by the work of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, with whom he was in regular correspondence. However, Assagioli’s thinking differed in several ways. While Freud focused on the impact of early childhood experiences on the formation of the psyche and Jung on the common collective unconscious inherent in human beings, Assagioli recognised that a complete approach to the mind must take both aspects into account. Assagioli developed a scientifically based psychospiritual system that he eventually called psychosynthesis, an approach to self-development in which individuals perceive themselves and the world from a new perspective. It involves a comprehensive theory of human development and a unique methodology for self-development.
Like other talking therapies, psychosynthesis emphasises the value of regular conversation between the therapist and the client about their experiences, which can help the client progress in their personal and spiritual development. The main tools of psychosynthesis are reflection, art, journaling, dialogue, active imagination, and contemplation. These tools facilitate critical awareness of the contents of consciousness, especially the motivational aspects of consciousness, in a non-judgmental and compassionate way. It encourages us to see thoughts and feelings as transient events that arise and pass within us, rather than fixed, unchanging realities, and it encourages us to enter into dialogue with these inner phenomena. Psychosynthesis also encourages dialogue with the deeper levels of the unconscious. In this sense, psychosynthesis is an approach that encourages critical self-awareness and the development of a capacity for self-observation and self-regulation.
Psychosynthesis is a complete and holistic philosophy and psychology of the human being. It includes a theory of human nature, an understanding of the development of consciousness and a methodology for psychological and spiritual self-development. Psychosynthesis approaches human development by emphasising the transformative potential of the deep self and seeks to enable the individual to live a more complete and satisfying life. Psychosynthesis is not necessarily spiritual, but it is a practical approach to looking at the human being from a spiritual perspective. It is an approach that aims to integrate the mind, body and spirit and help us develop a more fulfilling, compassionate, and meaningful life. It is an approach that seeks to help us all awaken our spiritual potential and bring it into alignment with our daily lives.